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Issue 16, 2011

Microwave-assisted solution synthesis of doped LiFePO4 with high specific charge and outstanding cycling performance

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Abstract

A microwave-assisted liquid-phase synthesis route to LiFePO4 doped with divalent (Mn, Ni, Zn), trivalent (Al) and tetravalent (Ti) metal ions in varying concentrations is presented. In spite of the low synthesis temperature of 180 °C all the as-synthesized powders are highly crystalline. The short reaction times of just a few minutes represent the basis for an efficient and time-saving screening of different types of dopants with respect to optimized electrochemical performance in lithium-ion batteries. The Ni- and Zn-doped LiFePO4 with nominal dopant concentrations of 7 and 2 mol%, respectively, outperformed all the other samples, offering initial specific charge of 168 A h kg−1 and excellent capacity retention of 97% after 300 full cycles. A discharge rate of 8 C still resulted in 152 A h kg−1 after 50 cycles. The electrochemical investigations are accompanied by a detailed structural and morphological characterization. Whereas the elemental composition, obtained from quantitative energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, and the electric conductivity could not directly be correlated to the electrochemical performance, the Rietveld analysis showed that the better the fit the better the electrochemical performance. This observation points to a relation between the phase-purity of a sample and its electrochemical properties.

Graphical abstract: Microwave-assisted solution synthesis of doped LiFePO4 with high specific charge and outstanding cycling performance

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
14 Oct 2010
Accepted
20 Jan 2011
First published
16 Feb 2011

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 5881-5890
Article type
Paper

Microwave-assisted solution synthesis of doped LiFePO4 with high specific charge and outstanding cycling performance

I. Bilecka, A. Hintennach, M. D. Rossell, D. Xie, P. Novák and M. Niederberger, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 5881 DOI: 10.1039/C0JM03476B

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