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Issue 9, 2011
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Separation of CO2 from air by temperature-vacuum swing adsorption using diamine-functionalized silica gel

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Abstract

A temperature-vacuum swing (TVS) process, capable of extracting pure CO2 from dry and humid atmospheric air, is experimentally analyzed. Adsorption/desorption cycles utilizing a packed bed of a sorbent material made of diamine-functionalized commercial silica gel are performed under equilibrium and non-equilibrium (short-cycle) conditions. Thereby, the CO2 capture capacity of the material is determined over a wide range of operational parameters, namely 10–150 mbarabs desorption pressure, 74–90 °C desorption temperature, and 0–80% relative humidity during adsorption. Up to 158 ml of CO2 (6.8 ml per gram sorbent) with a purity of up to 97.6% is recovered per cycle. Adsorption isotherms of the sorbent material are experimentally determined by thermogravimetry and fitted to isotherm models, which are successfully applied to predict desorption capacities achieved in the TVS process. Under dry conditions, desorption pressures above 100 mbarabs lead to strongly decreasing CO2 capture capacities below 0.03 mmol g−1. Under humid conditions with 40% relative humidity during adsorption, the desorption pressure can be raised to 150 mbarabs with capture capacities remaining above 0.2 mmol g−1. Stable performance of the sorbent material in the TVS process is demonstrated over 40 consecutive adsorption/desorption cycles.

Graphical abstract: Separation of CO2 from air by temperature-vacuum swing adsorption using diamine-functionalized silica gel

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
09 May 2011
Accepted
27 Jun 2011
First published
01 Aug 2011

Energy Environ. Sci., 2011,4, 3584-3592
Article type
Paper

Separation of CO2 from air by temperature-vacuum swing adsorption using diamine-functionalized silica gel

J. A. Wurzbacher, C. Gebald and A. Steinfeld, Energy Environ. Sci., 2011, 4, 3584
DOI: 10.1039/C1EE01681D

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