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Issue 26, 2011
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From molecules to materials: Molecular paddle-wheel synthons of macromolecules, cage compounds and metal–organic frameworks

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Abstract

Metal–organic frameworks (MOF) are becoming a more and more important class of functional materials. Yet, very often, the synthesis of MOFs is not easy to control and requires a profound knowledge and experience in solid state chemistry. One of the most frequently used metal connectors is the so-called ‘paddle-wheel’ (PW) unit, which is a well-known molecular compound type in inorganic coordination chemistry. Depending on the ligands, the geometry of PWs strictly directs the assembly of ordered networks. This review focuses on the question, to what extent ordered network structures can be accessed by typical molecular syntheses in solution, starting from molecular PW complexes to ordered macromolecules, finite cage compounds and finally, three-dimensional superstructures.

Graphical abstract: From molecules to materials: Molecular paddle-wheel synthons of macromolecules, cage compounds and metal–organic frameworks

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Article information


Submitted
08 Dec 2010
Accepted
02 Feb 2011
First published
17 Mar 2011

Dalton Trans., 2011,40, 6834-6859
Article type
Perspective

From molecules to materials: Molecular paddle-wheel synthons of macromolecules, cage compounds and metal–organic frameworks

M. Köberl, M. Cokoja, W. A. Herrmann and F. E. Kühn, Dalton Trans., 2011, 40, 6834
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT01722A

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