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Issue 17, 2011
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Atomic layer deposition of organic–inorganic hybrid materials based on saturated linear carboxylic acids

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Abstract

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) has successfully provided thin films of organic–inorganic hybrid materials based on saturated linear carboxylic acids and trimethylaluminium (TMA). Films were grown for seven carboxylic acids: oxalic, malonic, succinic, glutaric, pimelic, suberic and sebacic acid, i.e. ranging from 2 to 10 carbon atoms in the molecular structure. These processes show exceptionally high growth rates; up to 4.3 nm/cycle for the pimelic acid–TMA system. Quartz crystal microbalance measurements of the growth dynamics indicate that all systems are of a self limiting ALD-type. Nevertheless, temperature dependent growth was observed in several systems. The width of the ALD windows shows correlations with the length of the carbon chains. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy clearly proved that the deposited films are of a hybrid character, where the carboxylic acids primarily form bidentate complexes, though bridging complexes may also form. All films are X-ray amorphous as deposited. The films were further analyzed by atomic force microscopy for surface roughness and topography, UV-Vis spectroscopy and ellipsometry for optical properties, and the goniometer method for measuring sessile drops for surface wetting properties. Apart from the oxalic and malonic acid–TMA systems, the films are stable in contact with water. The films are generally smooth, transparent and have a refractive index close to 1.5. The complete coverage and accurate growth control offered by the ALD technique is here proven to provide surface-functionalized hybrid materials resembling metal–organic frameworks (MOF), probably as rather dense structures, yet with substantial potential for applications.

Graphical abstract: Atomic layer deposition of organic–inorganic hybrid materials based on saturated linear carboxylic acids

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Article information


Submitted
07 Dec 2010
Accepted
09 Feb 2011
First published
28 Mar 2011

Dalton Trans., 2011,40, 4636-4646
Article type
Paper

Atomic layer deposition of organic–inorganic hybrid materials based on saturated linear carboxylic acids

K. B. Klepper, O. Nilsen, P. Hansen and H. Fjellvåg, Dalton Trans., 2011, 40, 4636
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT01716G

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