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Issue 11, 2011
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Dansyl-anthracene dyads for ratiometric fluorescence recognition of Cu2+

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Dansyl-anthracene dyads 1 and 2 in CH3CN–H2O (7 : 3) selectively recognize Cu2+ ions amongst alkali, alkaline earth and other heavy metal ions using both absorbance and fluorescence spectroscopy. In absorbance, the addition of Cu2+ to the solution of dyads 1 or 2 results in appearance of broad absorption band from 200 nm to 725 nm for dyad 1 and from 200 nm to 520 nm for dyad 2. This is associated with color change from colorless to blue (for 1) and fluorescent green (for 2). This bathochromic shift of the spectrum could be assigned to internal charge transfer from sulfonamide nitrogen to anthracene moiety. In fluorescence, under similar conditions dyads 1 and 2 on addition of Cu2+ selectively quench fluorescence due to dansyl moiety between 520–570 nm (for 1)/555–650 nm (for 2) with simultaneous fluorescence enhancement at 470 nm and 505 nm for dyads 1 and 2, respectively. Hence these dyads provide opportunity for ratiometric analysis of 1–50 μM Cu2+. The other metal ions viz. Fe3+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cd2+, Zn2+, Hg2+, Ag+, Pb2+, Li+, Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Ba2+ do not interfere in the estimation of Cu2+ except Cr3+ in case of dyad 1. The coordination of dimethylamino group of dansyl unit with Cu2+ causes quenching of fluorescence due to dansyl moiety between 520–600 nm and also restricts the photoinduced electron transfer from dimethylamino to anthracene moiety to release fluorescence between 450–510 nm. This simultaneous quenching and release of fluorescence respectively due to dansyl and anthracene moieties emulates into Cu2+ induced ratiometric change.

Graphical abstract: Dansyl-anthracene dyads for ratiometric fluorescence recognition of Cu2+

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The article was received on 15 Aug 2010, accepted on 13 Dec 2010 and first published on 01 Feb 2011

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT01016B
Dalton Trans., 2011,40, 2451-2458

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    Dansyl-anthracene dyads for ratiometric fluorescence recognition of Cu2+

    K. Kaur and S. Kumar, Dalton Trans., 2011, 40, 2451
    DOI: 10.1039/C0DT01016B

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