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Issue 8, 2011
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Influence of charge and structure on the coordination chemistry of copper aminoglycosides

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Abstract

Aminoglycosides are a family of molecules based on a 2-deoxystreptamine ring that is functionalized with a variety of sugar units that contain vicinal amine and hydroxyl functionality. These positively-charged amines promote selective high affinity binding to bacterial 16 s rRNA with resultant antibacterial activity. Aminoglycosides have also been shown to selectively target a variety of therapeutically relevant RNA motifs, and in combination with copper to promote irreversible degradation of the RNA target. The presence of multiple hydroxyl and amine groups on multiple rings creates many potential copper coordination sites. However, only a small subset of these sites actually bind copper, which have not been clearly defined experimentally, Herein we describe a more extensive structural characterization of the complexes of six aminoglycosides (kanamycin A, kanamycin B, neomycin B, neamine, tobramycin and paromomycin) that provide insights on the factors contributing to the coordination selectivity of aminoglycosides toward divalent copper. The presence of vicinal ligand donors capable of chelating the copper ion appears to be a prerequisite for stable metal binding, with charge density providing further tuning of the KD. A possible role for metal coordination in antibacterial activity is also considered.

Graphical abstract: Influence of charge and structure on the coordination chemistry of copper aminoglycosides

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Article information


Submitted
22 Jun 2010
Accepted
13 Dec 2010
First published
10 Jan 2011

Dalton Trans., 2011,40, 1795-1801
Article type
Paper

Influence of charge and structure on the coordination chemistry of copper aminoglycosides

A. Patwardhan and J. A. Cowan, Dalton Trans., 2011, 40, 1795
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00704H

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