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Issue 7, 2011
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Oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene using nitrous oxide over vanadia–magnesia catalysts

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Abstract

A series of V–Mg–O catalysts with different loadings of vanadia were prepared by the wet impregnation method and the effect of the local structure of these catalysts on the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene with N2O was investigated. High styrene selectivity (∼97%) was obtained at 773 K. The characterization of catalysts with methods such as XRD, FTIR, UV-visible, TPR, NMR and Laser Raman spectroscopy suggested that magnesium orthovanadate is the predominant vanadium containing phase and the size of the orthovanadate domains increases with increasing vanadia loading. The rate of ODH of ethylbenzene per V atom increases with vanadia loading and reaches a maximum at 10 wt%. The specific activity, i.e. the conversion of ethylbenzene per unit surface area of the catalysts, also exhibited a maximum at a vanadia loading of 10 wt% leading to the conclusion that activity of these catalysts is due to the presence of very small domains of Mg3(VO4)2 on the surface of MgO rather than crystallites of bulk Mg3(VO4)2. The higher styrene yield in the presence of N2O can be ascribed to the ability of N2O to keep vanadium species at a higher oxidation state.

Graphical abstract: Oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene using nitrous oxide over vanadia–magnesia catalysts

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 May 2011, accepted on 27 Jun 2011 and first published on 12 Aug 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CY00168J
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2011,1, 1262-1270

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    Oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene using nitrous oxide over vanadia–magnesia catalysts

    N. R. Shiju, M. Anilkumar, S. P. Gokhale, B. S. Rao and C. V. V. Satyanarayana, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2011, 1, 1262
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CY00168J

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