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Issue 4, 2011
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Catalytic C–H functionalization by metalloporphyrins: recent developments and future directions

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Abstract

Metalloporphyrins are a class of versatile catalysts with the capability to functionalize saturated C–H bonds via several well-defined atom/group transfer processes, including oxene, nitrene, and carbene C–H insertions. The corresponding hydroxylation, amination, and alkylation reactions provide direct approaches for the catalytic conversion of abundant hydrocarbons into value-added functional molecules through C–O, C–N, and C–C bond formations, respectively. This tutorial review describes metalloporphyrin-based catalytic systems for the functionalization of different types of sp3 C–H bonds, both inter- and intramolecularly, including challenging primary C–H bonds. Additional features of metalloporphyrin-catalyzed C–H functionalization include unusual selectivities and high turnover numbers.

Graphical abstract: Catalytic C–H functionalization by metalloporphyrins: recent developments and future directions

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Aug 2010 and first published on 19 Nov 2010


Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/C0CS00070A
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2011,40, 1899-1909

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    Catalytic C–H functionalization by metalloporphyrins: recent developments and future directions

    H. Lu and X. P. Zhang, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2011, 40, 1899
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CS00070A

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