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Issue 41, 2011
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Experimental and theoretical study on the absorption and fluorescence properties of substituted aryl hydrazones of 1,8-naphthalimide

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Abstract

Absorption and fluorescence spectra in acetonitrile for a series of substituted aryl hydrazones of N-hexyl-1,8-naphthalimide are studied with the aim of potential application of the compounds for enzyme activity localization. The influence of the substituents on the spectral characteristics has been evaluated. The absorption and fluorescence energies of substituted aryl-1,8-naphthalimide hydrazones have been calculated with the PCM TDDFT formalism. The M06 and PBE0 functionals, combined with the 6-31+G(d) atomic basis set, have been found to accurately model the excited state properties of the present set of solvated fluorophores. Absorption and fluorescence spectral characteristics have been rationalized in terms of experimental and theoretical electronic indices in order to assess their predictive abilities for application in designing analogues with good emitting properties. An excellent linear dependence is established between the experimental fluorescence and Hammett σ+p substituent constants and on the other hand σ+p constants correlate with the theoretically calculated values for the electrostatic potential at nuclei (EPN). A model for predicting the fluorescence properties of substituted hydrazones by means of EPN is drawn, including the polysubstituted derivatives, where Hammett constants are not applicable.

Graphical abstract: Experimental and theoretical study on the absorption and fluorescence properties of substituted aryl hydrazones of 1,8-naphthalimide

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Article information


Submitted
31 May 2011
Accepted
01 Sep 2011
First published
22 Sep 2011

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 18530-18538
Article type
Paper

Experimental and theoretical study on the absorption and fluorescence properties of substituted aryl hydrazones of 1,8-naphthalimide

D. Cheshmedzhieva, P. Ivanova, S. Stoyanov, D. Tasheva, M. Dimitrova, I. Ivanov and S. Ilieva, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 18530
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP21756A

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