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Issue 31, 2011
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The influence of hydrogen bonding on the physical properties of ionic liquids

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Potential applications of ionic liquids depend on the properties of this class of liquid material. To a large extent the structure and properties of these Coulomb systems are determined by the intermolecular interactions among anions and cations. In particular the subtle balance between Coulomb forces, hydrogen bonds and dispersion forces is of great importance for the understanding of ionic liquids. The purpose of the present paper is to answer three questions: Do hydrogen bonds exist in these Coulomb fluids? To what extent do hydrogen bonds contribute to the overall interaction between anions and cations? And finally, are hydrogen bonds important for the physical properties of ionic liquids? All these questions are addressed by using a suitable combination of experimental and theoretical methods including newly synthesized imidazolium-based ionic liquids, far infrared spectroscopy, terahertz spectroscopy, DFT calculations, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), viscometry and quartz-crystal-microbalance measurements. The key statement is that although ionic liquids consist solely of anions and cations and Coulomb forces are the dominating interaction, local and directional interaction such as hydrogen bonding has significant influence on the structure and properties of ionic liquids. This is demonstrated for the case of melting points, viscosities and enthalpies of vaporization. As a consequence, a variety of important properties can be tuned towards a larger working temperature range, finally expanding the range of potential applications.

Graphical abstract: The influence of hydrogen bonding on the physical properties of ionic liquids

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The article was received on 11 Mar 2011, accepted on 17 May 2011 and first published on 13 Jun 2011

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP20732F
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 14064-14075

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    The influence of hydrogen bonding on the physical properties of ionic liquids

    K. Fumino, T. Peppel, M. Geppert-Rybczyńska, D. H. Zaitsau, J. K. Lehmann, S. P. Verevkin, M. Köckerling and R. Ludwig, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 14064
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP20732F

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