Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 15, 2011
Previous Article Next Article

Defect chemistry, redox kinetics, and chemical diffusion of lithium deficient lithium niobate

Author affiliations

Abstract

High-temperature optical in situspectroscopy was used to investigate the defect absorption, redox kinetics, and chemical diffusion of a lithium deficient (48.4 mol% Li2O) congruent melting lithium niobate single crystal (c-LN). Under reducing atmospheres of various oxygen activities, aO2, UV-Vis-NIR spectra measured at 1000 °C are dominated by an absorption band due to free small polarons centered at about 0.93 eV. The polaron band intensity was found to follow a power law of the form Image ID:c0cp02703k-t1.gif with m = −1/4. A chemical reduction model involving electrons localized on niobium ions on regular lattice sites can explain the observed defect absorption and its dependence on oxygen activity. The kinetics of reduction and oxidation processes upon oxygen activity jumps and the associated chemical diffusion coefficients are found in close agreement over a range from −0.70 to −14.70 in log aO2, indicating a reversible redox process. Assuming coupled fluxes of lithium vacancies and free small polarons for the attainment of stoichiometry, the diffusion coefficients of lithium vacancies as well as of lithium ions in the lithium deficient c-LN have been determined at 1000 °C.

Graphical abstract: Defect chemistry, redox kinetics, and chemical diffusion of lithium deficient lithium niobate

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
29 Nov 2010
Accepted
28 Jan 2011
First published
23 Feb 2011

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 6925-6930
Article type
Paper

Defect chemistry, redox kinetics, and chemical diffusion of lithium deficient lithium niobate

J. Shi, H. Fritze, G. Borchardt and K. Becker, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 6925
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02703K

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements