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Issue 28, 2010
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Synthesis, structure and properties of Ni-alloyed TiCx-based thin films

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By using non-reactive sputter deposition at low temperatures metastable solid solution phases in the Ti–Ni–C system were synthesized. Produced thin films were either single phase carbides or nanocomposite of nanocrystalline carbide and amorphous C. In the Ni-containing samples a supersaturated solid solution phase (Ti1−xNix)Cy was identified, and was present either as single phase or in a nanocomposite with amorphous C. By modification of the chemical stability of the carbide phase, the addition of Ni was found to strongly promote the formation of amorphous carbon phase in the coatings. Samples have been microstructurally analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Mechanical properties have been evaluated through nanoindentation and pin-on-disc measurements; electrical properties were determined by measurement of the resistivity and the contact resistance. Alloyed nanocomposite coatings were also found to exhibit enhanced tribological and electrical properties, with a decreased resistivity and friction. This makes these thin films very interesting for application in sliding electrical contacts. The mechanisms responsible for the reductions remain to be determined.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis, structure and properties of Ni-alloyed TiCx-based thin films

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Mar 2010, accepted on 24 May 2010 and first published on 15 Jun 2010

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0JM00592D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2010,20, 5950-5960

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    Synthesis, structure and properties of Ni-alloyed TiCx-based thin films

    E. Lewin, B. André, S. Urbonaite, U. Wiklund and U. Jansson, J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 5950
    DOI: 10.1039/C0JM00592D

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