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Issue 38, 2010
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Functions of LiBH4 in the hydrogen sorption reactions of the 2LiH–Mg(NH2)2 system

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Abstract

LiBH4 is an effective additive in enhancing hydrogen desorption and absorption properties for the 2LiH–Mg(NH2)2 hydrogen storage system. The improving factors brought by LiBH4 were studied experimentally. Although a minimum in activation energy was observed in the middle stage of hydrogen desorption for the samples with and without LiBH4 doping, a reduction in the activation energy was manifest in the overall conversion range due to the LiBH4 introduction. In contrast to the pure 2LiH–Mg(NH2)2, the system component Mg(NH2)2 crystallized in the presence of LiBH4 at about 150 °C in situ from the post-milled amorphous mixture prior to hydrogen desorption. We believe the formation of the N-atom matrix by the crystalline Mg(NH2)2 is relevant to the subsequent dehydrogenation as it shares a similar sublattice structure with the desorption product. The formation and disappearance of Li4(BH4)(NH2)3 in the dehydrogenation step witnessed the capturing and releasing of LiNH2 that is generated from the dehydrogenation of 2LiH–Mg(NH2)2, which alters not only the kinetics but also thermodynamics in favor of an improved hydrogen sorption performance. The reaction mechanism could be further clarified by the refinement of powder neutron diffraction data of the intermediate compound Li4(BD4)(NH2)3.

Graphical abstract: Functions of LiBH4 in the hydrogen sorption reactions of the 2LiH–Mg(NH2)2 system

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
13 May 2010
Accepted
02 Jul 2010
First published
24 Aug 2010

Dalton Trans., 2010,39, 9100-9107
Article type
Paper

Functions of LiBH4 in the hydrogen sorption reactions of the 2LiH–Mg(NH2)2 system

J. Hu, E. Weidner, M. Hoelzel and M. Fichtner, Dalton Trans., 2010, 39, 9100
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00468E

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