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Issue 39, 2010
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Nitrate radical addition–elimination reactions of atmospherically relevant sulfur-containing molecules

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Abstract

We have used different computational methods, including B3LYP, CCSD(T)-F12 and CBS-QB3, to study and compare the addition–elimination reaction of the nitrate radical NO3 with four sulfur-containing species relevant to atmospheric chemistry: hydrogen sulfide (H2S), dimethyl sulfide [(CH3)2S], dimethyl sulfoxide [(CH3)2SO] and sulfur dioxide (SO2). We find that the reaction with (CH3)2SO to give NO2 + (CH3)2SO2 has a very low barrier, and is likely to be the dominant oxidation mechanism for (CH3)2SO in the atmosphere. In agreement with previous experimental data and computational results, we find that the reaction with H2S and SO2 is very slow, and the reaction with (CH3)2S is not competitive with the hydrogen abstraction route. The differences in reaction energetics and rates between the four species are explained in terms of stabilizing interactions in the transition states and differences in sulfuroxygen bond strengths.

Graphical abstract: Nitrate radical addition–elimination reactions of atmospherically relevant sulfur-containing molecules

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The article was received on 28 Apr 2010, accepted on 04 Aug 2010 and first published on 27 Aug 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP00383B
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 12833-12839
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    Nitrate radical addition–elimination reactions of atmospherically relevant sulfur-containing molecules

    T. Kurtén, J. R. Lane, S. Jørgensen and H. G. Kjaergaard, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 12833
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CP00383B

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