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Issue 37, 2010
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2H and 19F solid-state NMR studies of the ionic liquid [C2Py][BTA]-d10 confined in mesoporous silica materials

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Abstract

Ionic liquids confined in porous materials are important solvents which allow a simple heterogenization of homogenous liquids. The perdeuterated ionic liquid N-ethylpyridinium-bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide ([C2Py][BTA]-d10) was prepared and its bulk phase behavior was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and temperature-resolved 2H and 19F solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Its bulk properties were compared to [C2Py][BTA]-d10 confined in a mesoporous silica support material as model material usable in SILP catalysts. The line shape analysis of the temperature-dependent NMR spectra of the bulk material reveals two phase transitions, one at 287–289 K (solid II/solid I) and one extending over a temperature range of 298–306 K (solid I/liquid). While the first phase transition is caused by the onset of an intramolecular rotation of the ethyl group of the cation, the second is due to the melting of the ionic liquid. In the bulk material, a hysteresis between the transition temperatures in heating and cooling scans occurs. In confinement, the dynamics of the ionic liquid changes considerably: no hysteresis is observed for [C2Py][BTA]-d10 confined in the mesopores. Instead, only a broad transition from solid II to the liquid state, which spans the temperature range of 215–245 K, is observed. This transition is identified as the result of a broad distribution of molecular environments of the confined ionic liquid, which thus forms an amorphous phase inside the pores. Hence, the behavior of the ionic liquid in confinement is similar to the behavior of non-ionic guest molecules in the mesoporous silica. Finally, it was found that the anion and cation of the ionic liquid exhibit the same dynamic behavior in confinement.

Graphical abstract: 2H and 19F solid-state NMR studies of the ionic liquid [C2Py][BTA]-d10 confined in mesoporous silica materials

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Dec 2009, accepted on 15 Jul 2010 and first published on 16 Aug 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B926836G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 11371-11379
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    2H and 19F solid-state NMR studies of the ionic liquid [C2Py][BTA]-d10 confined in mesoporous silica materials

    M. Waechtler, M. Sellin, A. Stark, D. Akcakayiran, G. Findenegg, A. Gruenberg, H. Breitzke and G. Buntkowsky, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 11371
    DOI: 10.1039/B926836G

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