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Issue 10, 2010
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Synthesis of urchin-like CdWO4 microspheres via a facile template free hydrothermal method

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Abstract

Urchin-like CdWO4 microspheres with hollow interiors have been successfully synthesized by a facile template free hydrothermal treatment method. The urchin-like CdWO4 hollow spheres are composed of radiatively assembled single-crystalline CdWO4 nanorods with lengths of several hundred nm and widths of 25–80 nm. The samples exhibit a blue-green emission in the range of 450–500 nm with the emission peak centered around 470 nm when excited at 293 nm. The effects of the preparation conditions such as the hydrothermal synthesis temperature, hydrothermal synthesis time, and the dosage of urea on the crystalline phase as well as morphology of final products have been systematically investigated. The successful synthesis of CdWO4 with a uniform urchin-like morphology relies on not only the choice of peroxo-polytungstic acid precursor, but also a controlled pH adjustment with the help of urea, both of which contribute to a homogenous nucleation and crystal growth process. It is also found that increasing the synthesis temperature, time and dosage of urea will enhance the photoluminescence (PL) emission of resultant materials. Our contribution provides a simple approach to synthesize CdWO4 materials with hierarchical architectures and potential applications as detectors in X-ray devices.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of urchin-like CdWO4 microspheres via a facile template free hydrothermal method

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jan 2010, accepted on 06 Apr 2010 and first published on 03 Jun 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B927420K
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2010,12, 3019-3026
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    Synthesis of urchin-like CdWO4 microspheres via a facile template free hydrothermal method

    Y. Ling, L. Zhou, L. Tan, Y. Wang and C. Yu, CrystEngComm, 2010, 12, 3019
    DOI: 10.1039/B927420K

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