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Issue 5, 2010
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Label-free colorimetric assay for biological thiols based on ssDNA/silver nanoparticle system by salt amplification

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Abstract

We report a novel method for biological thiols detection using ssDNA/sliver nanoparticles system. The adsorbing ssDNA supplies silver nanoparticles high density charge to rescue nanoparticles from aggregation induced by salt. However, homocysteine (cysteine or glutathione) is conjugated more powerfully than ssDNA to AgNPs via Ag–S bond, which holds back ssDNA binding to AgNPs surface. When salt is added, AgNPs aggregation occurs and the corresponding color changes from yellow to brown after these biological thiols is introduced. A high sensitivity can be achieved using salt as an amplifier to assay thiols. In our study, a favorable linear correlation between the A0/Ax ratio and homocysteine concentration was obtained in the range of 10 to 500 nM with a low detection limit of 10 nM, indicating that homocysteine could be analyzed at low concentration. A concentration as low as 300 nM homocysteine caused a visible color change. As well as, cysteine and glutathione can be detected at a detection limit of 50 nM and 100 nM, respectively. In addition, study on the selectivity of this method shows that only homocysteine, cysteine and glutathione can generate signal response.

Graphical abstract: Label-free colorimetric assay for biological thiols based on ssDNA/silver nanoparticle system by salt amplification

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Dec 2009, accepted on 01 Feb 2010 and first published on 10 Feb 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B925683K
Analyst, 2010,135, 1066-1069

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    Label-free colorimetric assay for biological thiols based on ssDNA/silver nanoparticle system by salt amplification

    Z. Chen, Y. He, S. Luo, H. Lin, Y. Chen, P. Sheng, J. Li, B. Chen, C. Liu and Q. Cai, Analyst, 2010, 135, 1066
    DOI: 10.1039/B925683K

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