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Issue 4, 2010
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Direct analysis of dried blood spots utilizing desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) mass spectrometry

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Abstract

A novel approach to the quantitative determination of xenobiotics in whole blood samples without sample preparation or chromatography is described. This method is based on direct analysis of microlitre volumes of blood which are spotted onto specialized paper cards and dried, with the resulting dried blood spots (DBS) analyzed directly via desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) mass spectrometry (MS). Using sitamaquine, terfenadine, and prazosin as model compounds with verapamil as a common internal standard, this methodology demonstrated detection of each compound down to 10 ng mL−1 from DBS where standard calibration curves show linearity from 10–10 000 ng mL−1 with r2 > 0.99. Three (3) different untreated types of filter papers (Whatman 903 and 31ETF as well as Ahlstrom 237) and two (2) treated types of filter paper (Whatman FTA and FTA Elute) were examined and the effect of each surface on the recovery of each analyte was evaluated. The results show that the untreated papers provide the best substrates for DBS analysis by DESI. A more in depth study of the quantitation of sitamaquine on 31ETF paper stock provided bias and error measurements of less than 20%. The promising results shown in this study may have important implications in the areas of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM), clinical and forensic toxicology, and pharmacology.

Graphical abstract: Direct analysis of dried blood spots utilizing desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) mass spectrometry

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
28 Oct 2009
Accepted
13 Jan 2010
First published
29 Jan 2010

Analyst, 2010,135, 720-725
Article type
Paper

Direct analysis of dried blood spots utilizing desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) mass spectrometry

J. M. Wiseman, C. A. Evans, C. L. Bowen and J. H. Kennedy, Analyst, 2010, 135, 720
DOI: 10.1039/B922329K

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