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Issue 28, 2009
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Supramolecular architecture elucidation of the room temperature columnar mesophases exhibited by mixed-valent diruthenium alkoxybenzoates

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Abstract

Three series of mesogenic coordination polymers based on mixed-valent diruthenium tetracarboxylates, namely Ru2(3,4-B2OCn)4Cl, Ru2(3,5-B2OCn)4Cl and Ru2(3,4,5-B3OCn)4Cl [3,4-B2OCn = 3,4-(CnH2n+1O)2C6H3CO2, 3,5-B2OCn = 3,5-(CnH2n+1O)2C6H3CO2 and 3,4,5-B3OCn = 3,4,5-(CnH2n+1O)3C6H2CO2] have been synthesized and characterized, with the aim of obtaining columnar liquid crystalline phases. These equatorial BmOCn ligands have been selected under the assumption that they will efficiently fill the intermolecular space around the axial Cl atoms, thus warranting a parallel arrangement of the polymeric ⋯Ru2–Cl–Ru2–Cl⋯ strands in the crystalline phase, which should facilitate the occurrence of Col mesophases. The liquid crystalline character of the synthesized compounds has been studied by means of polarized optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and variable temperature X-ray diffraction. They all exhibit thermotropic ColH mesophases, the 3,4-B2OCn derivatives also exhibit a lamellar mesophase. Many of the studied compounds exhibit room temperature mesomorphism. The thermal stability domain of the ColH mesophases of the 3,5-B2OCn and 3,4,5-B3OCn derivatives is remarkably wide, from below 0 °C to ca. 300 °C in some cases. Based on pieces of structural information coming from XRD experiments, dilatometry, and local probes (magnetic susceptibility measurements, resonance Raman and IR spectroscopies, and Exafs) we suggest a model for the structural arrangement of the polymeric strands in the mesophase, in which the central polar backbone of the polymeric strands is in a zig-zag conformation, surrounded by a continuum of molten aliphatic chains. A crystallographic study of the non-mesogenic light homologue Ru2(3,4,5-B3OC2)4Cl confirms these aspects of the model, and shows the predicted preorganization of the polymeric strands in the crystalline phase.

Graphical abstract: Supramolecular architecture elucidation of the room temperature columnar mesophases exhibited by mixed-valent diruthenium alkoxybenzoates

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Jan 2009, accepted on 06 Apr 2009 and first published on 08 Jun 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B900779B
J. Mater. Chem., 2009,19, 4981-4991

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    Supramolecular architecture elucidation of the room temperature columnar mesophases exhibited by mixed-valent diruthenium alkoxybenzoates

    Z. D. Chaia, M. C. Rusjan, M. A. Castro, B. Donnio, B. Heinrich, D. Guillon, R. F. Baggio and F. D. Cukiernik, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 4981
    DOI: 10.1039/B900779B

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