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Issue 47, 2009
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A photochemically initiated chemistry for coupling underivatized carbohydrates to gold nanoparticles

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Abstract

The sensitive optoelectronic properties of metal nanoparticles make nanoparticle-based materials a powerful tool to study fundamental biorecognition processes. Here we present a new and versatile method for coupling underivatized carbohydrates to gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) via the photochemically induced reaction of perfluorophenylazide (PFPA). A one-pot procedure was developed where Au NPs were synthesized and functionalized with PFPA by a ligand-exchange reaction. Carbohydrates were subsequently immobilized on the NPs by a fast light activation. The coupling reaction was efficient, resulting in high coupling yield as well as high ligand surface coverage. A colorimetric system based on the carbohydrate-modified Au NPs was used for the sensitive detection of carbohydrate-protein interactions. Binding and cross-reactivity studies were carried out between carbohydrate-functionalized Au NPs and lectins. Results showed that the surface-bound carbohydrates not only retained their binding affinities towards the corresponding lectin, but also exhibited affinity ranking consistent with that of the free ligands in solution.

Graphical abstract: A photochemically initiated chemistry for coupling underivatized carbohydrates to gold nanoparticles

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
01 Sep 2009
Accepted
22 Sep 2009
First published
20 Oct 2009

J. Mater. Chem., 2009,19, 8944-8949
Article type
Paper

A photochemically initiated chemistry for coupling underivatized carbohydrates to gold nanoparticles

X. Wang, O. Ramström and M. Yan, J. Mater. Chem., 2009, 19, 8944
DOI: 10.1039/B917900C

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