Material and device considerations for organic thin-film transistor sensors
The rapid development of the field of organic electronics has sparked great interest in the use of organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) as low-cost electronic sensors. The direct coupling of the electronic and the sensor media to provide real time electrical output has already demonstrated high sensitivity to a variety of chemical species. The synthetic versatility of organic materials also provides endless routes to impart functionality for specifically targeted chemical interactions. Owing to their compatibility with flexible materials and simple fabrication methods, OTFTs are poised to have a tremendous impact on future portable detection technology. This article reviews recent progress made toward improved sensitivity, selectivity and stability of OTFT sensors through material and device engineering. Specific consideration is paid to the interaction of the electronic materials with the analytes as a means of providing insight into mechanistic principles as well as the future direction of OTFTs.