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Issue 5, 2009
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Recent advances on simulation and theory of hydrogen storage in metal–organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks

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Abstract

This critical review covers the application of computer simulations, including quantum calculations (ab initio and DFT), grand canonical Monte-Carlo simulations, and molecular dynamics simulations, to the burgeoning area of the hydrogen storage by metal–organic frameworks and covalent-organic frameworks. This review begins with an overview of the theoretical methods obtained from previous studies. Then strategies for the improvement of hydrogen storage in the porous materials are discussed in detail. The strategies include appropriate pore size, impregnation, catenation, open metal sites in metal oxide parts and within organic linker parts, doping of alkali elements onto organic linkers, substitution of metal oxide with lighter metals, functionalized organic linkers, and hydrogen spillover (186 references).

Graphical abstract: Recent advances on simulation and theory of hydrogen storage in metal–organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks

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Article information


Submitted
28 Jan 2009
First published
24 Mar 2009

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2009,38, 1460-1476
Article type
Critical Review

Recent advances on simulation and theory of hydrogen storage in metal–organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks

S. S. Han, J. L. Mendoza-Cortés and W. A. Goddard III, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2009, 38, 1460
DOI: 10.1039/B802430H

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