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Issue 15, 2008
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Direct chlorination of alcohols with chlorodimethylsilane catalyzed by a gallium trichloride/tartrate system under neutral conditions

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Abstract

The reaction of secondary alcohols 1 with chlorodimethylsilane (HSiMe2Cl) proceeded in the presence of a catalytic amount of GaCl3/diethyl tartrate to give the corresponding organic chlorides 3. In the catalytic cycle, the reaction of diethyl tartrate 4a with HSiMe2Cl 2 gives the chlorosilyl ether 5 with generation of H2. Alcohol-exchange between the formed chlorosilyl ether 5 and the substrate alcohol 1 affords alkoxychlorosilane 6, which reacts with catalytic GaCl3 to give the chlorinated product 3. The moderate Lewis acidity of GaCl3 facilitates chlorination. Strong Lewis acids did not give product due to excessive affinity for the oxy-functionalities. Although tertiary alcohols were chlorinated by this system even in the absence of diethyl tartrate, certain alcohols that are less likely to give carbocationic species were effectively chlorinated using the GaCl3/diethyl tartrate system.

Graphical abstract: Direct chlorination of alcohols with chlorodimethylsilane catalyzed by a gallium trichloride/tartrate system under neutral conditions

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
17 Mar 2008
Accepted
18 Apr 2008
First published
28 May 2008

Org. Biomol. Chem., 2008,6, 2790-2795
Article type
Paper

Direct chlorination of alcohols with chlorodimethylsilane catalyzed by a gallium trichloride/tartrate system under neutral conditions

M. Yasuda, K. Shimizu, S. Yamasaki and A. Baba, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2008, 6, 2790
DOI: 10.1039/B804589E

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