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Issue 11, 2008
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Hydrothermal carbon from biomass: a comparison of the local structure from poly- to monosaccharides and pentoses/hexoses

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Abstract

Carbon particles are synthesized under hydrothermal conditions using different biomass (glucose, xylose, maltose, sucrose, amylopectin, starch) and biomass derivates (5-hydroxymethyl-furfural-1-aldehyde (HMF) and furfural) as carbon sources. Carbons obtained from mono- and polysaccharides, hexose and pentose sugars, and from the biomass derivatives, HMF and furfural, are compared from the particle morphology, chemical composition and structural point of view. A clear structural and morphological difference can be observed in carbons from pentoses and hexoses, but in the latter case, irrespective of the nature of the hexose sugar, all carbon materials showed astonishing similarities, opening the way for the use of renewable biomass in the synthesis of such carbon materials.

Graphical abstract: Hydrothermal carbon from biomass: a comparison of the local structure from poly- to monosaccharides and pentoses/hexoses

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Apr 2008, accepted on 22 Jul 2008 and first published on 07 Oct 2008


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B807009A
Citation: Green Chem., 2008,10, 1204-1212
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    Hydrothermal carbon from biomass: a comparison of the local structure from poly- to monosaccharides and pentoses/hexoses

    M. Titirici, M. Antonietti and N. Baccile, Green Chem., 2008, 10, 1204
    DOI: 10.1039/B807009A

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