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Issue 11, 2008
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Doubly bonded systems between heavier Group 15 elements

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There has been much interest in the synthesis and properties of doubly bonded systems between heavier Group 15 elements, i. e. heavier analogues of azo-compounds (dipnictenes), from the viewpoints of fundamental and material chemistry. Although such double-bond compounds between heavier main group elements are known to be highly reactive, too much so to be isolated as stable compounds, a number of reports on the synthesis of kinetically stabilized diphosphenes (RP[double bond, length as m-dash]PR), diarsenes (RAs[double bond, length as m-dash]AsR), and phosphaarsenes (RP[double bond, length as m-dash]AsR) bearing bulky substituent have been published since 1980. We have also succeeded in the synthesis of the first stable distibene (RSb[double bond, length as m-dash]SbR) and dibismuthene (RBi[double bond, length as m-dash]BiR) by taking advantage of efficient steric protection groups, 2,4,6-tris[bis(trimethylsilyl)methyl]phenyl (Tbt) and 2,6-bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)methyl]-4-[tris(trimethylsilyl)methyl]phenyl (Bbt), and revealed their structures and properties systematically. Thus, the doubly bonded compounds between heavier Group 15 elements are no longer imaginary species but are those with real existence which are stable, even in the case of the heaviest non-radioactive element bismuth, when they are appropriately protected by bulky substituents. This Perspective describes our research on the chemistry of kinetically stabilized double-bond compounds between heavier Group 15 elements.

Graphical abstract: Doubly bonded systems between heavier Group 15 elements

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Oct 2007, accepted on 31 Oct 2007 and first published on 14 Nov 2007

Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/B715033D
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2008,0, 1395-1408

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    Doubly bonded systems between heavier Group 15 elements

    T. Sasamori and N. Tokitoh, Dalton Trans., 2008, 0, 1395
    DOI: 10.1039/B715033D

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