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Issue 12, 2006
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Experimental evidence for carbonyl–π electron cloud interactions

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In this work we present some experimental evidence of the existence of carbonyl–π electron cloud interactions. Such interactions are analogous to anion–π interactions, which have been predicted to be energetically favourable in the case of electron deficient aromatic rings. UV-Visible spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry results obtained for 9,10-anthraquinone, 1,1′-bis-9,10-anthraquinone, poly(9,10-anthraquinone-1,4-diyl) and other 1,4-diaryl substituted anthraquinone derivatives are described. It was found that the steric hindrance occurring between the carbonyl groups and the adjacent aromatic substituent forces the plane of the anthraquinone moiety and that of the aromatic substituent to adopt a nearly orthogonal conformation, resulting in relatively strong carbonyl–π interactions that affect both the UV-Vis absorption spectrum and the reduction potential of the compound. Moreover, in the case of thiophene substituted derivatives, the torsion angle between the anthraquinone moiety and its aromatic substituent is smaller and therefore carbonyl–π interaction effects are not observed in these compounds.

Graphical abstract: Experimental evidence for carbonyl–π electron cloud interactions

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Article information

20 Jun 2006
22 Aug 2006
First published
12 Sep 2006

New J. Chem., 2006,30, 1801-1807
Article type

Experimental evidence for carbonyl–π electron cloud interactions

J. E. Gautrot, P. Hodge, D. Cupertino and M. Helliwell, New J. Chem., 2006, 30, 1801
DOI: 10.1039/B608628D

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