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Issue 31, 2006
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In-situUV-visible study of Pd nanocluster formation in solution

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Abstract

The formation of Pd nanoclusters in solution is studied. This system has two types of light-absorbing species: Pd ions which absorb light via electronic transitions and Pd clusters and aggregates which absorb light via valence–conduction transitions and also scatter light due to their nanometric dimensions. Here we monitor these dynamic changes using UV-visible spectroscopy. The reduction and clustering concentration profiles are extracted from the raw data using a combination of net analyte signal (NAS) and principal component analysis (PCA) methods. PdCl2, Pd(OAc)2 and Pd(NO3)2 are used as Pd2+ precursors and various tetra-n-octylammonium carboxylates are applied as reducing and stabilising agents. This in situ approach enables the quantification of both the reduction of the Pd2+ ions and the growth of the Pd clusters. Kinetic models that account for ion reduction, cluster growth and aggregation are presented and the influence of the counteranions and the reducing agents on these processes is discussed.

Graphical abstract: In-situ UV-visible study of Pd nanocluster formation in solution

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Article information


Submitted
31 Mar 2006
Accepted
05 Jun 2006
First published
30 Jun 2006

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2006,8, 3669-3675
Article type
Paper

In-situ UV-visible study of Pd nanocluster formation in solution

A. V. Gaikwad and G. Rothenberg, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2006, 8, 3669
DOI: 10.1039/B604665G

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