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Issue 2, 2005
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Reaction cavities of liquid and solid phases of a long n-alkane, n-nonadecane, as probed by the regio- and stereo-chemical fates of two singlet radical pairs

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Abstract

The regio- and stereo-chemistries of photo-Fries reactions of 1-naphthyl (R)-2-phenylpropanoate ((R)-1) and photo-Claisen reactions of 1-naphthyl (R)-1-phenylethyl ether ((R)-2) have been investigated in the liquid and solid phases of n-nonadecane. The results are compared with those obtained in a lower and higher viscosity liquid n-alkane. Irradiation of (R)-1 yields a prochiral singlet 1-naphthoxy–1-phenylethyl radical pair (radical pair B) indirectly, after decarbonylation of the initially formed chiral singlet 1-naphthoxy–2-phenylpropanoyl radical pair (radical pair A). Radical pair B is generated directly upon lysis of the excited singlet state of (R)-2. The restricted environments of the solid phases enable both the directly and indirectly formed radical pairs B to maintain much (but not all) of the memory of their initial orientations. Thus, the in-cage combination products from indirectly formed radical pair B contain up to 33% enantiomeric excess. However, the combinations of directly formed radical pair B lack complete stereo-specificity due to their disturbing influence on their local environments in the solid phases. A discussion of the dynamics of the radical pair motions in the different environments is presented.

Graphical abstract: Reaction cavities of liquid and solid phases of a long n-alkane, n-nonadecane, as probed by the regio- and stereo-chemical fates of two singlet radical pairs

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Article information


Submitted
01 Nov 2004
Accepted
15 Dec 2004
First published
05 Jan 2005

Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2005,4, 210-215
Article type
Paper

Reaction cavities of liquid and solid phases of a long n-alkane, n-nonadecane, as probed by the regio- and stereo-chemical fates of two singlet radical pairs

J. Xu and R. G. Weiss, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2005, 4, 210
DOI: 10.1039/B416610H

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