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Volume 101, 2005
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4  Cavity ring-down and cavity enhanced spectroscopy using diode lasers

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Continuous wave (cw) diode lasers are increasingly being used as light sources in the visible and near-IR regions of the spectrum for cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) and cavity enhanced absorption spectroscopy (CEAS); the latter technique is also widely known as integrated cavity output spectroscopy (ICOS). The very high sensitivities to weak absorptions that are possible with cw CRDS and CEAS, coupled with the quantitative nature of the absorption measurements, are enabling a rapidly expanding range of applications. We review the benefits and practical implementation of these techniques; methods of data analysis for extraction of quantitative absorption data; the sensitivities of cw CRDS and CEAS, and how they might be optimised; and applications of cw CRDS and CEAS in molecular spectroscopy, atmospheric chemistry, plasma and flame chemistry, analytical science, and medical diagnosis via breath analysis. The development of CRDS and CEAS techniques exploiting cw diode lasers and, very recently, high luminosity light-emitting diodes, has stimulated a wealth of high-sensitivity measurements. Highlights include quantitative measurement of various ultra-trace gases such as: NO3, NO2 and ethene in ambient air samples; CO2 isotopologues, ethane and other organic compounds in human breath samples; and excited electronic states of N2 and O2 in plasmas and discharges. Exciting developments include wavelength extension into the mid-IR and UV regions, and use of novel locked-cavity techniques to increase data acquisition rates and sensitivities.

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Publication details

The article was first published on 15 Mar 2005

Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/B408909J
Citation: Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem., Sect. C: Phys. Chem., 2005,101, 100-142

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    4  Cavity ring-down and cavity enhanced spectroscopy using diode lasers

    M. Mazurenka, A. J. Orr-Ewing, R. Peverall and G. A. D. Ritchie, Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem., Sect. C: Phys. Chem., 2005, 101, 100
    DOI: 10.1039/B408909J

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