The molecule 1,1′-bi-2-naphthol (BINOL) shows a propensity for supramolecular, hydrogen-bonded strand formation when crystallized with its deprotonated form BINOLAT2− or BINOLAT−
(in conc. ammonia). The strand adapts from racemic rac-BINOL to enantiomeric S-BINOL and from di- to monocationic metal ions but keeps the overall strand feature. The structure of [Cd2+(S-BINOLAT2−-κ2O,O′)(NH3)4](S-BINOL)2(H2O)(MeOH)2
(1) can be correlated to the known structures of [M(NH3)6]2+(rac-BINOLAT2−)(rac-BINOL)2
(M = Ni, Cd) despite the direct Cd-O,O′-BINOLAT chelate coordination in the former. With Ag+ as a monocationic metal structures of the formula [Ag(NH3)2]+(S-BINOLAT−)(S-BINOL)(EtOH)
(2) and [Ag(NH3)2]+(S-BINOLAT−)(S-BINOL)(H2O)2(MeOH)
(3) are formed from ethanol or methanol, respectively. Crystallization of Ag+/NH3 with rac-BINOL from EtOH also yields 2 with a spontaneous resolution to an enantiomeric excess of ca. 40%. Simultaneous differential thermoanalysis, thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry (DTA-TG-MS) show that the EtOH, MeOH and H2O solvent of crystallization together with the NH3 ligands can be removed before the BINOL moieties. X-Ray powder diffraction (XRPD) still shows the sample of 1 to be crystalline after the loss of solvent of crystallization. Upon heating to 130 °C the needle-shaped crystals of 2 keep their shape, yet darken (formation of Ag by XRPD) and turn amorphous, with small crystal “prickles”
(BINOL by XRPD) forming on the surface. The difference in metal coordination between 1 and [Cd(NH3)6]2+(rac-BINOLAT2−)(rac-BINOL)2 is evidenced by a strong maximum at 591 nm in the emission spectrum of 1 which is absent in the emission spectra of both BINOL and [Cd(NH3)6]2+(rac-BINOLAT2−)(rac-BINOL)2. This maximum is assigned to a metal–ligand transition due to the direct Cd-O,O′-BINOLAT chelate coordination in 1.
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