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Issue 11, 2003
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An information rich biomedical polymer library

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Abstract

We have designed and prepared a library of polymers with the aim to use a minimum number of polymers to obtain relevant information about structure–property correlations. An active ester homopolymer precursor and two blocked copolymer active ester precursor polymers were used to prepare a library of 16 cationic functionalised polymethacrylamides. These precursor polymers are narrow molecular weight distribution (MWD) polymers prepared by copper mediated polymerisation. This allows a precursor polymer to be used to generate a family of functionalised polymers for study, all with the same molecular weight characteristics. The polycations were then prepared by the sequential conjugation of two amines from the following set: (2-aminoethyl)trimethylammonium chloride hydrochloride (TMA), 3-(dimethylamino)propylamine (DMA), histamine (His) and 1-amino-2-propanol (AP). The conjugates contained different amounts of tertiary amine, quaternary ammonium, imidazole and hydroxypropyl pendent moieties that were selected to provide differing degrees of charge density along the polymer main chain. The molecular weight characteristics, viscosities and aqueous solubility of the polycations were evaluated at pH 4 and 7 to determine property trends. These conjugates were assessed for their ability to complex plasmid DNA at pH 7.4 and 4.5 by agarose gel electrophoresis. Triple detection GPC analysis at different pH values relevant to the cellular environment and photon correlation spectroscopy results indicated that some polycations formed interpolyelectrolyte complexes of under 100 nm. Preliminary titration and cellular biocompatibility studies are also described.

Graphical abstract: An information rich biomedical polymer library

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jun 2003, accepted on 17 Jul 2003 and first published on 30 Sep 2003


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B306857A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2003,13, 2825-2837
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    An information rich biomedical polymer library

    E. Pedone, X. Li, N. Koseva, O. Alpar and S. Brocchini, J. Mater. Chem., 2003, 13, 2825
    DOI: 10.1039/B306857A

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