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Issue 20, 2003
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Reduction of chromia/alumina catalyst monitored by DRIFTS-mass spectrometry and TPR-Raman spectroscopy

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The reduction of alumina-supported chromia with 13 wt.% chromium was investigated by X-ray photoelectron and X-ray absorption spectroscopies, in situ temperature-programmed Raman spectroscopy and in situ temperature-programmed diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy combined with mass spectrometry. For comparison, unsupported chromia was also studied. The oxidised chromia/alumina contained Cr3+ and Cr6+, whereas after reduction by carbon monoxide or hydrogen mainly Cr3+ was detected, although the formation of Cr2+ in carbon monoxide reduction was not ruled out. The polymeric chromates on chromia/alumina were more reducible than the monomeric ones due to the weaker interaction of the polychromates with the support. During reduction with hydrogen at high temperatures, hydroxyl species formed on chromia and chromia/alumina. In addition, surface restructuring to more crystalline chromia species took place on chromia/alumina. Measurements on the reduction by carbon monoxide suggested that the reduction could occur through formation of bicarbonate species. With increasing temperature, formate species—probably formed by reaction of Cr3+–CO species with surface hydroxyls—were observed, which reacted further to carbonates on chromia, and inorganic carboxylates and other carbonaceous species on chromia/alumina.

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 May 2003, accepted on 21 Jul 2003 and first published on 05 Aug 2003

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B305802F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2003,5, 4371-4377

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    Reduction of chromia/alumina catalyst monitored by DRIFTS-mass spectrometry and TPR-Raman spectroscopy

    S. M. K. Airaksinen, A. O. I. Krause, J. Sainio, J. Lahtinen, K. Chao, M. O. Guerrero-Pérez and M. A. Bañares, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2003, 5, 4371
    DOI: 10.1039/B305802F

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