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Issue 10, 2002
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Characteristics of key intermediates generated in uncatalyzed bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl) oxalate (DNPO) chemiluminescence reactions

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Abstract

The characteristics of two distinct perylene chemiluminescence (CL) decay curves generated by the reaction between bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl) oxalate (DNPO) and H2O2 in the absence of base catalysts were investigated. When the intensity of peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence (PO-CL) vs. time was measured under relatively low H2O2 and high DNPO concentrations in ethyl acetate, a slowly decaying curve appeared. However, upon increasing the H2O2 concentration under the same DNPO-CL reaction conditions, two distinct emission maxima were observed: a fast decaying CL curve and a slowly decaying CL curve. The fast decaying CL curve appeared alone when the H2O2 concentration greatly exceeded the DNPO concentration in ethyl acetate. To learn more about the properties of both CL decay curves, we further investigated the effects of adding H2O or phenols having different nucleophilicity [2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP), pentachlorophenol (PCP), and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP)] and the stability of DNPO used in the CL reaction. The slowly decaying curve was predominant with the addition of H2O and relatively strong nucleophile. Based on the observed results, we propose that the likely high-energy intermediates generated in DNPO-CL reactions without added base catalysts are hydroperoxyoxalate ester and a six-membered cyclic peroxide.

Graphical abstract: Characteristics of key intermediates generated in uncatalyzed bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl) oxalate (DNPO) chemiluminescence reactions

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Jul 2002, accepted on 30 Jul 2002 and first published on 22 Aug 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B206367K
J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1653-1657

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    Characteristics of key intermediates generated in uncatalyzed bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl) oxalate (DNPO) chemiluminescence reactions

    J. H. Lee, J. C. Rock, M. A. Schlautman and E. R. Carraway, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1653
    DOI: 10.1039/B206367K

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