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Issue 3, 2002
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The nitration of arenes in perfluorocarbon solvents

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Abstract

Perfluorocarbons have been used effectively as solvents and bulking agents in the reactions of toluene, benzene, phenol, benzyl chloride and chlorobenzene with nitric acid or dinitrogen pentoxide to yield highly nitrated products. Reactions are carried out in a single stage, at lower temperatures, and producing smaller amounts of waste acid than in traditional processes.

Graphical abstract: The nitration of arenes in perfluorocarbon solvents

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Jan 2002 and first published on 21 May 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B200627H
Green Chem., 2002,4, 275-278

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    The nitration of arenes in perfluorocarbon solvents

    M. R. Crampton, E. L. Cropper, L. M. Gibbons and R. W. Millar, Green Chem., 2002, 4, 275
    DOI: 10.1039/B200627H

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