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Issue 11, 2001
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Relaxation impedance as a model for the deactivation mechanism of fuel cells due to carbon monoxide poisoning

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Abstract

The influence of carbon monoxide poisoning on the platinum anode in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell was investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Impedance measurements of the cell under constant load were performed at periodic time intervals. Due to the poisoning effect of the carbon monoxide, the system changes its state during the experiment. The reconstruction of quasi-causal spectra was made possible using enhanced numerical procedures, especially the time course interpolation and the Z-HIT refinement. The reconstructed impedance spectra show a strong time dependence and exhibit pseudo-inductive contributions at the low frequency part of the spectra which increase during the experiment. Analysis of the spectra suggests that the pseudo-inductive behaviour can be attributed to a surface relaxation process of the anode. Furthermore, the influence of carbon monoxide on the electrochemical behaviour of the contaminated fuel cell may be interpreted by means of a Faraday impedance in addition to potential-dependent hindrance of the charge transfer.

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Sep 2000, accepted on 29 Mar 2001 and first published on 01 May 2001


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B007674K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2001,3, 2113-2116
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    Relaxation impedance as a model for the deactivation mechanism of fuel cells due to carbon monoxide poisoning

    C. A. Schiller, F. Richter, E. Gülzow and N. Wagner, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2001, 3, 2113
    DOI: 10.1039/B007674K

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