The synthesis and characterisation of lanthanide complexes of mono- and tetra-amide β-cyclodextrin derivatives of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane tetraacetate (DOTA) are reported. Luminescence and relaxivity measurements confirm that the Eu, Tb and Gd complexes of the eight-coordinate mono-amide ligand possess one bound water molecule while the tetra-amide complexes are rare examples of q = 0 systems in aqueous solution. The relaxivity of the host β-CD Gd complex (8.50 mM−1 s−1, 20 MHz, 298 K) is enhanced when non-covalently bound to a second gadolinium complex bearing two phenyl moieties with an enhancement that is limited by the slowness of the water exchange rate (τm = 0.6 μs, 298 K). Sensitisation of the terbium luminescence in the mono-amide β-CD complex occurs in the absence of oxygen using various substituted naphthalene derivatives (e.g. naphthalene, K = 1.04 × 104 M−1, 293 K) and methyl p-tert-butylbenzoate. The slowness of the intra-complex energy transfer step severely limits the efficiency of this process and restricts the scope of ‘non-covalently triggered luminescence’ to a narrow range of guest substrates, as deduced by variable temperature time-resolved luminescence and flash-photolysis studies.
You have access to this article
Please wait while we load your content...
Something went wrong. Try again?