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Issue 5, 2000
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In the field of industrial hygiene, besides the necessity of monitoring phosphine with direct reading apparatus to prevent accidents, there is a need for a method of sampling and analysing phosphine to control workers' exposure. The use of filters impregnated with silver nitrate to collect arsine, phosphine and stibine in workplace air has been described in the literature. Having previously chosen this type of filter to collect arsine, we studied its characteristics for phosphine capture. A filter impregnated with sodium carbonate was used both as a pre-filter to collect the particles and to trap arsenic trioxide. After dissolving the silver compounds in nitric acid, ICP emission spectrometry was used to carry out the analysis. This article describes the comparative sampling we performed in a microelectronic laboratory and in a fumigation chamber (130 samples) to determine the concentration of AgNO3 impregnation solution to be used, the detection limit of the method and the retention capacity of the impregnated filters. Interference with other gases reacting with silver nitrate was studied and the storage time for sampled filters and analysis solutions was checked. The detection limit of the adopted method is better than 1 µg per filter, and the retention capacity exceeds 300 µg per filter. The problem of how to sample phosphine when H2S, NH3, or HCl is present has been solved, but the problem of sampling phosphine in atmospheres where acetylene evolves remains. Sampled filters and filter solutions are stable for more than three months at ambient temperature.

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Article information

13 Mar 2000
04 Jul 2000
First published
02 Aug 2000

J. Environ. Monit., 2000,2, 476-482
Article type

Phosphine sampling and analysis using silver nitrate impregnated filters

M. Demange, J. M. Elcabache, M. Grzebyk, A. Peltier, N. Proust, D. Thénot, P. Ducom and J. Fritsch, J. Environ. Monit., 2000, 2, 476
DOI: 10.1039/B001990I

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