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Issue 9, 2000
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Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase

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Abstract

N-Trimethylsilylaziridine, Me3SiNC2H41, prepared by a literature procedure has been studied by gas-phase IR and NMR spectroscopy of the nuclei 1H, 13C, 15N, 29Si. The molecular structure of 1 has been determined in the gas phase by analysis of electron diffraction (GED) data augmented by geometric and vibrational amplitude restraints derived from ab initio calculations employing the second order Møller–Plesset (MP2) level of theory and the 6-311G(d,p) basis set. The molecule was found to adopt Cs symmetry and has a pyramidal arrangement around the nitrogen atom with a slightly elongated Si–N bond [1.770(4) Å], relative to those in other Si–N species having a planar nitrogen co-ordination. The results for the principal distances (ra) and angles from the combined GED/ab initio study of Me3SiNC2H4 are (uncertainties: one sigma): r(Si–N) = 1.770(4), r(Si–C in-plane) = 1.868(4), r(Si–Cout-of-plane) = 1.881(2), r(C–N) = 1.459(3) Å, C–N–C 61.1(5), N–Si–C in-plane 109.7(7), N–Si–Cout-of-plane 107.8(10), Si–N–C 121.9(4)°. The structure data are complemented by natural bond orbital analyses, and calculation of the barrier to inversion at the nitrogen centre, which is predicted to be 21.4 kJ mol−1. Calculations on the simpler model compound H3SiNC2H4 [up to QCISD/6-311G(d,p)] gave geometrical and energetic results similar to those of 1. The steeply pyramidal nitrogen co-ordination is attributed to the strain of the aziridine ring, as was found by comparison with the results of other calculations on acyclic systems and those with larger rings.

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Dec 1999, accepted on 22 Mar 2000 and first published on 17 Apr 2000


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A910248P
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2000,0, 1491-1497

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    Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase

    N. W. Mitzel, E. M. Page and D. A. Rice, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2000, 0, 1491
    DOI: 10.1039/A910248P

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