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Issue 1, 1997
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29 Si NMR study on co-hydrolysis processes inSi(OEt)4–RSi(OEt)3–EtOH–water–HCl systems (R=Me, Ph): effect of Rgroups


Hydrolysis and initial polycondensation processes in the Si(OEt) 4 (TEOS)–RSi(OEt) 3 –EtOH–water–HCl systems (R=Me, Ph) [TEOS:RSi(OEt) 3 :EtOH:water:HCl=1:1:24:x:y (x=12, 2/3; y=2×10 -3 , 4×10 -3 , 8×10 -2 )] have been investigated by using 29 Si NMR spectroscopy. For comparison, the alkoxysilanes [TEOS, MeSi(OEt) 3 (MTES), PhSi(OEt) 3 (PTES)] were hydrolysed separately in a similar manner. In a water-rich TEOS–MTES system (water:Si=12:1), a silanol-terminated codimer [Me(HO) 2 SiOSi(OH) 3 ] was detected as well as (HO) 3 SiOSi(OH) 3 and Me(HO) 2 SiOSi(OH) 2 Me, suggesting that the hydrolysed monomers were condensed rather randomly. In contrast, in a water-rich TEOS–PTES system, hydrolysed monomers derived from TEOS and those from PTES were condensed independently; a silanol-terminated codimer [Ph(HO) 2 SiOSi(OH) 3 ] did not form, and only (HO) 3 SiOSi(OH) 3 and Ph(HO) 2 SiOSi(OH) 2 Ph were detected. These observations in the TEOS–PTES system suggest the presence of the association of the phenyl groups. In water-restricted systems (water:Si=1:3), monomers were only partially hydrolysed, and ethoxy-terminated codimers [R(EtO) 2 SiOSi(OEt) 3 (R=Me, Ph)] formed in both the TEOS–MTES and the TEOS–PTES systems.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A603741K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 1997,7, 53-59
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    29 Si NMR study on co-hydrolysis processes in Si(OEt)4–RSi(OEt)3 –EtOH–water–HCl systems (R=Me, Ph): effect of R groups

    Y. Sugahara, T. Inoue and K. Kuroda, J. Mater. Chem., 1997, 7, 53
    DOI: 10.1039/A603741K

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