Studies on structure–reactivity in the reaction of OH radicals with substituted halobenzenes in aqueous solutions
The reaction of OH radicals with a number of substituted halobenzenes (C6H5 –nXnY, where X = F, Cl or Br and Y = CH3, CH2Cl, CHCl2, CF3 or OCH3) produces a transient absorption band whose λmax is in the range 310–340 nm. This band is assigned to the OH adduct and decayed with second-order kinetics, the bimolecular rate constant being in the region of 0.6 × 109– 5.0 × 109 dm3 mol–1 s–1. The OH radical reacts mainly by addition to the benzene ring. The rate constants for the reaction of OH radicals, as determined from formation kinetics studies, are between 1.7 and 9.3 × 109 dm3 mol–1 s–1, and are found to depend on the nature of the substituents. A linear correlation is observed with the Hammett parameter. The distribution pattern for the OH adduct is discussed. The OH adduct can be oxidized by K3[Fe(CN)6]. The rate constant for the oxidation depends on the position of OH addition and the extent of oxidation on the nature of the substituents. The reaction of O– with 2-chlorotoluene is by H-atom abstraction (14%), producing an absorption band with λmax= 258 nm, and by addition to the benzene ring (86%), producing absorption bands at 290, 320 and 410 nm. The bimolecular rate constant for the reaction of O– with 2-chlorotoluene is 2.0 × 109 dm3 mol–1 s–1 and Îµ320nm= 2.6 × 103 dm3 mol–1 cm–1. For the reaction of eaq– with 2-chlorobenzyl chloride, 44% of the eaq– react with the Cl of the CH2Cl group producing an absorption band at 258 nm and 56% react with the Cl of the benzene ring producing an absorption band at 320 nm. The bimolecular rate constant as determined from the decay of eaq– is 2.2 × 1010 dm3 mol–1 s–1.