Structure, vibrational and electronic spectra, and bonding in trans-diaquabis(oxalato)vanadate(III) complex salts, A[V(ox)2(H2O)2]·xH2O (A = Cs, K, or NH3Me), and the X-ray crystal structure of the potassium salt (x= 3)
The X-ray crystal structure of potassium diaquabis(oxalato)vanadate(III), K[V(ox)2(H2O)2]·3H2O, has been determined [monoclinic, space group P2/c, with unit-cell parameters a= 7.971(4), b= 5.691(2), c= 14.167(5)Å, β= 108.97(3)°, and Z= 2]. The structure has been refined to an R value of 0.032 using 560 independent reflections. In comparison with the corresponding Cs+ and NH3Me+ salts, the K+ salt exhibits a significantly longer bond distance for axially co-ordinated water and this is manifested in band shifts of 500–1 000 cm–1 in the visible region. For all three salts vibrational spectra and single-crystal polarised electronic spectra are reported together with assignments. Analysis of the ligand-field spectra is presented in terms of the angular overlap model. It is shown that the band shifts occurring in the electronic spectrum of the K+ salt can be reproduced by a reduction in the σ-bonding capacity of the co-ordinated water together with a slight increase in the σ bonding of the oxalate ligand, both of which are consistent with structural differences existing between the K+ and the other two salts. Significant anisotropy exists in the metal–oxalate π interaction with the in-plane contribution relatively small. In addition, anomalous temperature-dependent bands resulting from vibronic coupling with internal O–H stretching vibrations are present in the electronic spectra of both the Cs+ and NH3Me+ salts.