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Issue 2, 1981
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Silver(I) complexes of the potentially chelating olefinic ligands 2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide and 2,2-dimethyl-2-silabut-3-enyl methyl sulphide. Crystal structure analysis of bis(2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide)silver(I) tetrafluoroborate, (2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide)silver(I) perchlorate, (2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide)nitratosilver(I), and (2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide)-trifluoroacetatosilver(I)

Abstract

The ligands 2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide (1a) and 2,2-dimethyl-2-2-silabut-3-enyl methyl sulphide (1b) form analogous sets of complexes with a series of silver salts. Thus, 1 : 1 complexes have been obtained from Ag[BF4], Ag[ClO4], Ag[NO3], and Ag[O2CCF3], 1 : 2 (Ag : ligand) complexes from Ag[BF4] and Ag[ClO4], and 2 : 1 (Ag : ligand) complexes from Ag[NO3]. In the solid state (i.r. and X-ray) the ligands are chelated, while in solution (1H n.m.r.) both the Ag–sulphur and Ag–olefin bonds are labile even at low temperatures (–80 °C). Crystal-structure analyses have been completed on Ag[BF4]·2(1a), Ag[ClO4]·(1a), Ag[NO3]·(1a), and Ag[O2CCF3]·(1a). The complex Ag[BF4]·2(1a) contains discrete [Ag·2(1a)]+ cations (which have two-fold crystallographic symmetry) and disordered BF4 anions. Polymeric structures have been found for the remaining three complexes. In [Ag·(1a)][ClO4] polymeric cation chains are present, while the perchlorate ions are not co-ordinated to silver. In Ag[NO3]·(1a) the nitrato-group is bidentate (Ag–O 2.537 and 2.647 Å), whereas the carboxyl group in Ag[O2CCF3]·(1a) is predominantly unidentate (Ag–O 2.29 and 2.99 Å). In all four structures the five-membered –Ag–S–C(1)–C(2)–C(3)– ring adopts a C(2) envelope conformation. The olefin co-ordination is defined by the S–Ag–C(3)[double bond, length as m-dash]C(4) torsion angles 148.6 in Ag[BF4]·2(1a), 140.9 in Ag[ClO4]·(1a), 158.7 in Ag[NO3]·(1a) and 140.2° in Ag[O2CCF3]·(1a). Crystals of Ag[BF4]·2(1a) are monoclinic, space group C2/c, with four formula units in a cell of dimensions a= 10.838(2), b= 11.720(2), c= 16.355(2)Å, β= 105.02(1)°, R= 0.049 for 645 observed reflections. Crystals of Ag[ClO4]·(1a) are orthorhombic, space group P212121, with four formula units in a cell of dimensions a= 8.229(3), b= 10.645(3), c= 13.917(3)Å, R= 0.066 for 1 259 reflections. Crystals of Ag[NO3]·(1a) are monoclinic, space group P21/c, with four molecules in a cell of dimensions a= 11.049(1), b= 7.823(1), c= 14.352(3)Å, β= 118.392(7)°, R= 0.049 for 1 653 reflections. Crystals of Ag[O2CCF3]·(1a) are monoclinic, space group P21/b, with four molecules in cell of dimensions a= 10.194(3), b= 15.784(5), c= 8.125(4)Å, γ= 95.49°, R= 0.099 for 846 reflections.

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J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1981, 481-490
Article type
Paper

Silver(I) complexes of the potentially chelating olefinic ligands 2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide and 2,2-dimethyl-2-silabut-3-enyl methyl sulphide. Crystal structure analysis of bis(2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide)silver(I) tetrafluoroborate, (2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide)silver(I) perchlorate, (2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide)nitratosilver(I), and (2,2-dimethylbut-3-enyl methyl sulphide)-trifluoroacetatosilver(I)

E. C. Alyea, G. Ferguson, A. McAlees, R. McCrindle, R. Myers, P. Y. Siew and S. A. Dias, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1981, 481
DOI: 10.1039/DT9810000481

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