Carbon dioxide conversion to synthetic fuels using biocatalytic electrodes
Carbon dioxide has evolved from being considered as a greenhouse gas to a valuable carbon feedstock for the generation of artificial fuels and valuable chemicals. In this work, we review the biocatalytic approaches towards CO2 conversion into chemicals and fuels. We display the opportunities and challenges of using biocatalysts. Our work especially focuses on bio-electrocatalytic systems. These electrochemical applications of biocatalysts gain increasing interest, as electrochemical redox processes can avoid expensive mediators and co-factors. This is also a pathway for renewable energy storage because wind or solar energy can possibly be applied as electrical sources for the electrochemical CO2 conversion systems. Biocatalytic CO2 conversion together with renewable energy storage represents a viable and sustainable route for the generation of chemicals and fuels.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles