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Issue 9, 2017
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Intracellular nanoparticle dynamics affected by cytoskeletal integrity

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Abstract

The cell interior is a crowded chemical space, which limits the diffusion of molecules and organelles within the cytoplasm, affecting the rates of chemical reactions. We provide insight into the relationship between non-specific intracellular diffusion and cytoskeletal integrity. Quantum dots entered the cell through microinjection and their spatial coordinates were captured by tracking their fluorescence signature as they diffused within the cell cytoplasm. Particle tracking revealed significant enhancement in the mobility of biocompatible quantum dots within fibrosarcoma cells versus their healthy counterparts, fibroblasts, as well as in actin destabilized fibroblasts versus untreated fibroblasts. Analyzing the displacement distributions provided insight into how the heterogeneity of the cell cytoskeleton influences intracellular particle diffusion. We demonstrate that intracellular diffusion of non-specific nanoparticles is enhanced by disrupting the actin network, which has implications for drug delivery efficacy and trafficking.

Graphical abstract: Intracellular nanoparticle dynamics affected by cytoskeletal integrity

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
01 Nov 2016
Accepted
31 Jan 2017
First published
31 Jan 2017

Soft Matter, 2017,13, 1873-1880
Article type
Paper

Intracellular nanoparticle dynamics affected by cytoskeletal integrity

M. E. Grady, E. Parrish, M. A. Caporizzo, S. C. Seeger, R. J. Composto and D. M. Eckmann, Soft Matter, 2017, 13, 1873
DOI: 10.1039/C6SM02464E

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