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Issue 22, 2017
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Bio-based amines through sustainable heterogeneous catalysis

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The production of amines from biomass is a growing field of interest. Particularly the amination of bio-based alcohols receives a lot of attention. In this review, we discuss recent progress in the development of efficient heterogeneous catalysts. The substrate scope for the production of bio-based amines is not limited to (hemi)cellulosic alcohols. Other platform chemicals that originate from different biomass fractions, such as lignin, oils, chitin and protein, are also suitable feedstock for the production of amines. This comprehensive review first provides an overview of the available bio-based feedstock candidates. The following section is devoted to the sustainable reaction routes that are available to carry out the desired amination reactions. Next, state-of-the-art technologies are summarized for each substrate class, focussing on heterogeneous catalysis. Special attention is dedicated to the sustainability of the discussed reaction routes. Finally, a critical discussion is provided, together with current challenges and future perspectives regarding the industrial production of bio-based amine chemicals.

Graphical abstract: Bio-based amines through sustainable heterogeneous catalysis

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Article information

28 Jul 2017
18 Sep 2017
First published
18 Sep 2017

Green Chem., 2017,19, 5303-5331
Article type
Critical Review

Bio-based amines through sustainable heterogeneous catalysis

M. Pelckmans, T. Renders, S. Van de Vyver and B. F. Sels, Green Chem., 2017, 19, 5303
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC02299A

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