Controlled synthesis of monodisperse α-calcium sulfate hemihydrate nanoellipsoids with a porous structure
We report a facile and green chemical solution approach to synthesize monodisperse α-calcium sulfate hemihydrate (α-HH) nanoellipsoids with a length of 600 nm and a width of 300 nm by simply mixing Ca2+ and SO42− glycerol–water precursor solutions in the presence of Na2EDTA. The α-HH nanoellipsoid is formed through a Na2EDTA-mediated self-assembly of small primary building blocks (α-HH domains: ∼14 nm). The study on the morphological evolution of α-HH reveals that the controlled synergy of supersaturation (precursor concentration) and Na2EDTA is crucial for the development of α-HH into nanoellipsoids. Further thermal annealing of the nanoellipsoid could make the α-HH domains transit into calcium sulfate anhydrites and grow up, generating the gaps between them and resulting in a porous structure. This work paves a new way for preparing high-quality α-HH nanoellipsoids with a monodisperse nanosize and a porous structure, promising their future application in many fields such as biomedicine.