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Issue 30, 2019
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Effects of pressure on the structure and lattice dynamics of α-glycine: a combined experimental and theoretical study

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Abstract

α-Glycine is studied up to 50 GPa using synchrotron angle-dispersive X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and quantum chemistry calculations performed at multiples levels of theory. Results from both XRD and Raman experiments reveal an extended pressure stability of the α phase up to 50 GPa and the room temperature (RT) equation of state (EOS) was determined up to this pressure. This extended stability is corroborated by density functional theory (DFT) based calculations using the USPEX evolutionary structural search algorithm. Two calculated EOSs, as determined by DFT at T = 0 K and semiempirical density functional tight-binding (DFTB) at RT, and the calculated Raman modes frequencies show a good agreement with the corresponding experimental results. Our work provides a definitive phase diagram and EOS for α-glycine up to 50 GPa, which informs prebiotic synthesis scenarios that can involve pressures well in excess of 10 GPa.

Graphical abstract: Effects of pressure on the structure and lattice dynamics of α-glycine: a combined experimental and theoretical study

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Article information


Submitted
16 Dec 2018
Accepted
28 Jan 2019
First published
28 Jan 2019

CrystEngComm, 2019,21, 4457-4464
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Effects of pressure on the structure and lattice dynamics of α-glycine: a combined experimental and theoretical study

J. K. Hinton, S. M. Clarke, B. A. Steele, I. W. Kuo, E. Greenberg, V. B. Prakapenka, M. Kunz, M. P. Kroonblawd and E. Stavrou, CrystEngComm, 2019, 21, 4457
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE02123F

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