Fully functionalized pyranuloses derived from Achmatowicz rearrangement (AR) are versatile building blocks in organic synthesis. However, access to trans-2,6-dihydropyrans from pyranuloses remains underexplored. Herein, we report a new two-step trans arylation of AR products to access 2,6-trans-dihydropyranones. This new trans-arylation method built on numerous plausible, but unsuccessful, direct arylation reactions, including Ferrier-type and Tsuji–Trost-type reactions, was finally enabled by an unprecedented, highly regioselective γ-deoxygenation of AR products by using Zn/HOAc and a diastereoselective Heck–Matsuda coupling. The synthetic utility of the reaction was demonstrated in the first asymmetric total synthesis of (−)-musellarins A–C and 12 analogues in 11–12 steps. The brevity and efficiency of our synthetic route permitted preparation of enantiomerically pure musellarins and analogues (>20 mg) for preliminary cytotoxicity evaluation, which led us to identify two analogues with three-to-six times greater potency than the musellarins as promising new leads.