Enhanced ethanol sensing of Ni-doped SnO2 hollow spheres synthesized by a one-pot hydrothermal method

Zhou Li, Jianxin Yi
Sens. Actuators, B, 2017, 243, 96 - 103
Analyte Matrix Technique

ethanol

gases

sensor

Subject category(s): General analytical chemistry; Sensors; Inorganic and organic analysis; Organic analysis; Aliphatic compounds
Abstract:

This work synthesized Ni-doped SnO2 solid solutions of single-phase rutile structure by a facile one-pot hydrothermal method, and studied their gas sensing property. Hollow microspheres were obtained, and their morphology varied with Ni content. Sensors of Ni-doped SnO2 were sensitive to presence of ethanol vapor, with a maximum response occurring at 260 °C. For the optimum composition Ni/Sn = 0.5 at.% (NS-0.5), a response of 28.9 was achieved at 260 °C for 100 ppm ethanol, which was twice that of pristine SnO2. A linear dependence of the sensor response on the ethanol concentration was observed. The ethanol response remained almost constant during a 30-day measurement. Furthermore, the NS-0.5 also exhibited excellent selectivity to ethanol against several common interfering gases. The ethanol sensing behavior and possible sensing mechanism was discussed in relation with the defect chemistry and microstructure.

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