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Issue 12, 2013
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NOx removal with multiple pulsed electron beam free of catalysts or reagents

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Abstract

A catalyst free approach for nitrogen oxides (NOx) removal has been developed at the United States Naval Research Laboratory. Our goals were to assess the ability of pulsed electron beam to enhance NOx removal at potential lower capital cost with greater efficiency than other large scale NOx removal methods. Removal efficiency over 95% has been attained for NOx concentrations of 1000 parts per million (ppm), 500 ppm and 200 ppm in nitrogen atmosphere. The NOx concentration dropped from 204 ppm to below 4.8 ppm after 10 shots supplying a total dose of 65 kGy. The resultant chemicals after catalyst free pulsed electron beam processing of NOx are nitrogen and oxygen, same as components of air. Pulsed electron beams in a catalyst free approach remove a larger percentage of NOx than continuous wave electron beam with a catalyst. Catalyst free approach removes issues of handling, collecting, transporting and efficiently distributing chemical byproducts. Pulsed electron beams are as efficient as continuous wave electron beams for small removal percentages and have a significant advantage at higher fractional removal percentages of NOx. Preferential destruction of NO species relative to the removal of NO2 species is observed in the pulsed electron beam reaction chamber. The energy required to remove a kilogram of NOx is nearly the same at pressures of 1.16 atmospheres and 1.02 atmospheres.

Graphical abstract: NOx removal with multiple pulsed electron beam free of catalysts or reagents

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 jan. 2013, accepted on 04 feb. 2013 and first published on 07 feb. 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP50436K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 4422-4427
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    NOx removal with multiple pulsed electron beam free of catalysts or reagents

    M. F. Wolford, M. C. Myers, F. Hegeler and J. D. Sethian, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 4422
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP50436K

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